Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACM      –   Association of Computing Machinery

AI      –        Artificial intelligence

AMA       –   American Medical Association

API       –    Application programming interface

ATM      –    Automated teller machine

AUROC  –   Area under the ROC curve

BBC      –    British Broadcasting Corporation

CDC      –   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDM     –   Common data model

CDS       –  Clinical decision support

CGMP   –  Current Good Manufacturing Process

CLIA     –   Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments

CMS      –   Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

CONSORT  – Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials

CPIC       –      Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium

CPU        –     Central processing unit

DARPA      –    Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DHLC       –     Digital Health Learning Collaborative

DOJ          –      U.S. Department of Justice

ECA        –       Embodied conversational agent

ECG          –     Electrocardiogram

EHR        –       Electronic health record

EU         –        European Union

FAIR      –      Findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability

FDA        –     Food and Drug Administration

FDCA     –     Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

FHIR        –    Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resource

fRamily   –   Friends and family unpaid caregivers

FTC         –    Federal Trade Commission

FTCA      –     Federal Trade Commission Act

GDPR     –     General Data Protection Regulation

GPS        –     Global positioning system

GPU      –       Graphics processing unit

HAZOP   –    Hazard and operability study

HHS        –    Department of Health and Human Services

HIE        –     Health information exchange

HIPAA    –   Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

HITECH Act –  Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act

HIV       –      Human immunodeficiency virus

i2b2       –     Informatics for Integrating Biology & the Bedside

ICD-10  –    International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision

IEEE       –    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IOM       –     Institute of Medicine

IoT        –         Internet of Things

IMDRF     –   International Medical Device Regulators Forum

IP            –     Intellectual property

IT             –    Information technology

IVD          –    In vitro diagnostic device

IVDMIA   –   In vitro diagnostic multivariate index assay

JITAI      –      Just-in-time adaptive intervention

LOINC   –     Logical Observational Identifiers Names and Codes

LDT        –      Laboratory-developed test

LHS        –      learning health system

Leadership Consortium – National Academy of Medicine Leadership

Consortium : Collaboration for a Value & Science-Driven Learning Health System

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Hari Haran

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