Angle modulation has following advantages over amplitude modulation (AM):
- The amplitude of FM is constant. It is independent of depth of modulation. Hence transmitter power remains constant in FM whereas in FM it varies in AM.
- Since amplitude of FM is constant, the noise interference is minimum in FM. Any noise superimposing an amplitude can be removed with the help of amplitude limits. Whereas it is difficult to remove amplitude variations due to noise in AM.
- The depth of modulation have limitation in AM. But in FM the depth of modulation can be increased to any value by increasing the deviation. This does not cause any distortion in FM signal.
- Since guard bands are provided in FM, there is less possibility of adjacent channel interference.
- Since space waves are used for FM, the radius of propagation is limited to line of sight. Hence it is possible to operate several independent transmitters on same frequency with minimum interference.
- Since FM uses UHF and VHF ranges, the noise interference is minimum compared to AM which uses MF and HF ranges.
There are some disadvantages of FM compared to AM as follows :
- The bandwidth requirement of FM is much higher than that of AM.
- The FM transmitting and receiving equipment is more complex and costly.
- Since FM uses UHF and VHF range of frequencies, its area of reception is limited only to line of sight. This is much lower than area covered by AM.
Comparison between FM and PM
Actually in FM, when frequency is changed, phase is also varied. FM is basically obtained from phase modulation as we see next.