Resistance and Conductance

The unit of electric resistance is the ohm(Ω), where one ohm is one volt per ampere. It is defined as the resistance between two points in a conductor when a constant electric potential of one volt applied at the two points produces a current flow of one ampere in the conductor.

Thus, \begin{aligned} \text { resistance, in ohms R} & =\frac{\text {V }}{\text { I }}\end{aligned}

where V is the potential difference across the two points, in volts, and I is the current flowing between the two points, in amperes.

The reciprocal of resistance is called conductance and is measured in siemens (S).

Thus, \begin{aligned} \text { conductance, in siemens G} & =\frac{\text {1 }}{\text { R }}\end{aligned}

where R is the resistance in ohms.

Find the conductance of a conductor of resistance: (a) 10 Ω (b) 5 kΩ (c) 100 mΩ.

(a) Conductance G=\frac{1}{R}=\frac{1}{10} siemen =\mathbf{0 . 1} \mathrm{S}

(b) G=\frac{1}{R}=\frac{1}{5 \times 10^3} \mathrm{~S}=0.2 \times 10^{-3} \mathrm{~S}=\mathbf{0 . 2} \mathrm{mS}

(c) G=\frac{1}{R}=\frac{1}{100 \times 10^{-3}} \mathrm{~S}=\frac{10^3}{100} \mathrm{~S}=\mathbf{1 0} \mathrm{S}

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Santhakumar Raja

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