From moderate to severe, sickle cell anemia symptoms might differ from person to person. While some individuals with sickle cell anemia may not show symptoms until later in life, others may have persistent and serious symptoms.
The most common symptoms of sickle cell anemia include:
Pain : Anywhere in the body can experience painful episodes, commonly known as sickle cell crises, which can last anywhere from a few hours to many days. These incidents are brought on by sickle-shaped red blood cells that become lodged in tiny blood arteries, obstructing appropriate blood flow and oxygen delivery to the location in question.
Fatigue : Weakness and exhaustion may be brought on by a reduced oxygen supply brought on by the irregular shape of red blood cells.
Anemia : Shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and pale complexion are just a few of the signs and symptoms of sickle cell anemia, which is caused by defective haemoglobin.
Jaundice : Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) can result from an accumulation of bilirubin in the blood, which can be brought on by sickle cell anemia.
Swelling of hands and feet : Blood flow problems can cause swelling of the hands and feet, especially in children.
Frequent infections : People with sickle cell anemia have a weakened immune system, making them more susceptible to infections.\
Delayed growth and development : In children, sickle cell anemia can affect growth and development.
Vision problems : Sickle cell anemia can cause damage to the retina, leading to vision problems.
It’s crucial to get medical help if you or someone you know exhibits any of these symptoms.
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